10 August 2011

Manifest Destiny & Fake Snow


San Francisco Peaks wiki 

The HOT SPOT... Needs to COOL DOWN.Pray for Rain.

Klee Benally being singled out during a peaceful protest at Macy's Coffee House.

The  Sacred Mountain.

Photo by Jason Hasenbank ; After reading all our posts about Klee's arrest
Jason ran into him in downtown Flag after the storms surrounded by rainbows 

Manifest Destinynounthe 19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the U.S. throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable.I was taught Manifest Destiny was a good thing. I remember Arizona and US History for the charistmatic teachers we had- reflecting back on it over beers 30 years later with Skip and Geoff we agreed we were a teachable group of kids - with teachers who took us out on field trips to all the amazing historical sites around the Flagstaff region.

The word came up recently reading Inga Musio's new book ; LOVE in Violent Times ; She refers to it as frontier mentality - I have God's right to do what I want to the land and have dominion over  the people, whatever I want and whatever I say. 

Words never cease to amaze me. I am in Disbelief over the destruction on the Mountain these days. Shameful for educated people to have such disregard for the First People Nations of Arizona.  I will add some of the comments from FB ; or join the dialogue. This is information about what's happening back in the hometown. heartfelt response; tough point counter point. 

  • George Breed 

    I apologize. No, no, don’t try to hug me or make me feel better. I feel fine. I apologize for thinking that trees and wildlife and a mountain and a sense of sacredness are more important than profit and revenue and tourists. No, no, I don’t need to sit down, thank you. I’m not that old. I apologize. I apologize that my values are different from the values of the wealthy and the politically connected. I apologize that I haven’t learned that the entire earth is open to plunder. What’s that you say? It’s not plunder, it’s development? See what I mean? How ignorant I am! Okay. I apologize that I have been thinking that development is plunder and pillage and rape. What? I am not to speak of development and rape in the same sentence? I am to re-read the pledge I signed? What pledge? Wait! Wait! I am not done apologiz . . . . . .

    6 hours ago ·  ·  13 people

  • Pamela Desertkid Krueger wish you were on the city council
    5 hours ago ·  ·  3 people

  • Stephani Sarnoski What's going on is disgusting and i wish more people were speaking out against it. It makes me feel powerless to just watch this happen to our trees and our mountain.
    5 hours ago ·  ·  2 people

  • Martha Shideler And now our young people--and others--who speak out.
    5 hours ago ·  ·  1 person

  • Christina Norlin Thank you George....
    5 hours ago · 

  • Pamela Desertkid Krueger Flagstaff has had the "small town environment" for so many years which entices many to come and live there. However, the more people who move there with different and new ideas, the more Flagstaff will become a bigger and more unfriendly town. Very sad...I would still be there if I did not like the snow and cold so much.

SOME RANDOM replies: unedited. 

Do they drink that treated wastewater? If so, then I suppose they don't consider themselves very sacred. I smell a phony scheme.
Jim,I heard about them having to come in and do some mojo to get rid of bad Bush spirits. That disgusted me so I felt like screaming. We should go down there and do a few human sacrifices on that oh-so-holy temple of theirs. Idiots.

Why didn't the Indians assimilate into our culture?

And another Native American group complained when one of the Apollo Program managers' ashes were deposited on the Moon -- because the Moon was sacred to them
Tough shit, it was sacred to that guy, too.

What did those Indians want NASA to do? Go back up there and get the guy's ashes?

What caught my eye and made my jaw drop....



All Mexico

After the election of Polk, but before he took office, Congress approved the annexation of Texas. Polk moved to occupy a portion of Texas which was also claimed by Mexico, paving the way for the outbreak of the Mexican-American War on April 24, 1846. With American successes on the battlefield, by the summer of 1847 there were calls for the annexation of "All Mexico," particularly among Eastern Democrats, who argued that bringing Mexico into the Union was the best way to ensure future peace in the region.[23]
This was a controversial proposition for two reasons. First, idealistic advocates of Manifest Destiny like John L. O'Sullivan had always maintained that the laws of the United States should not be imposed on people against their will. The annexation of "All Mexico" would be a violation of this principle. And secondly, the annexation of Mexico was controversial because it would mean extending U.S. citizenship to millions of Mexicans. Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, who had approved of the annexation of Texas, was opposed to the annexation of Mexico, as well as the "mission" aspect of Manifest Destiny, for racial reasons. He made these views clear in a speech to Congress on January 4, 1848:
[W]e have never dreamt of incorporating into our Union any but the Caucasian race—the free white race. To incorporate Mexico, would be the very first instance of the kind, of incorporating an Indian race; for more than half of the Mexicans are Indians, and the other is composed chiefly of mixed tribes. I protest against such a union as that! Ours, sir, is the Government of a white race.... We are anxious to force free government on all; and I see that it has been urged ... that it is the mission of this country to spread civil and religious liberty over all the world, and especially over this continent. It is a great mistake.[24]
Manifest Destiny had serious consequences for Native Americans and African Americans, since continental expansion implicitly meant the occupation and annexation of Native American land, sometimes to expand slavery. The United States continued the European practice of recognizing only limited land rights of indigenous peoples. In a policy formulated largely by Henry KnoxSecretary of War in the Washington Administration, the U.S. government sought to expand into the west through the nominally legal (by United States law) purchase of Native American land in treaties. Indians were encouraged to sell their vast tribal lands and become "civilized", which meant (among other things) for Native American men to abandon hunting and become farmers, and for their society to reorganize around the family unit rather than the clan or tribe. The United States therefore acquired lands by treaty from Indian nations, usually under circumstances which suggest a lack of voluntary and knowing consent by the native signers, and in many cases a lack of authority by the signers to make any such transaction.

In the age of Manifest Destiny, this idea, which came to be known as "Indian Removal", gained ground. Although some humanitarian advocates of removal believed that American Indians would be better off moving away from whites, an increasing number of Americans regarded the natives as nothing more than savages who stood in the way of American expansion. As historian Reginald Horsman argued in his influential study Race and Manifest Destiny, racial rhetoric increased during the era of Manifest Destiny. Americans increasingly believed that Native Americans would fade away as the United States expanded. As an example, this idea was reflected in the work of one of America's first great historians, Francis Parkman, whose landmark book The Conspiracy of Pontiac  was published in 1851. Parkman wrote that Indians were "destined to melt and vanish before the advancing waves of Anglo-American power, which now rolled westward unchecked and unopposed."[30]

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